Zangilan

10 December 1992

After crossing the 15-km border, Armenians launched a sudden attack on and destroyed borderline Seyidlar, Qazanci, Agkand, Gunqislaq, and then Darali, Pirveyis, Yuxari Gaali, Asagi Gaali, Burunlu, Sarikan, Canbar and Sayifli villages.

History of occupation

28-30.10.1993
13 historical, 19 religious shrines are under occupation.

Note

It is 380 km from Baku. Established in 1930, the district borders on Armenia and Iran. When established, there was a plan to name it Pircivan, but the name wasn’t approved. It is located on a medium low foothill area and is surrounded by the Lesser Caucasus mountains of Bartaz (2270 m), Susan (1304 m), Sigirt, Talid, Topdag and Agbiz. The district is crossed by the Hakari, Oxcuchay, Basitchay and Kinav rivers, the Baku-Julfa-Nakhichevan railway and highways, which is why it represents strategic importance. River valleys are rich in molybdenum, gold, granite and other minerals.

Plane-trees

Zangilan’s plane-tree forest is the biggest and rarest in Europe. A 117-hectare Bastichay state reserve was established on the Aras river in 1974. The eastern plane-tree forest stretches for a distance of 12 km along the river. Some trees are 500 years old. The tree is included in the Red Book of rare species.

Basitchay

It is a tributary of the Aras river also called Balachay. The place-name is believed to relate to a Mongol Besut tribe. There are same-named villages in Central Asia and Southern Azerbaijan.

Architectural sites

This territory is among most ancient human dwellings. The caves in Asgulum and Susan mountains are evidence of primitive human dwellings: the vault in Şarifan village (13th century), a circular tower in Hacalli, an octagonal tomb in Mammadbayli (1304), a vault in Yenikand (16th century), the Oyuq summit of Sukurataz mountain, the Oxcucay sacre place, the Sukurataz Xanazur shrine, etc.

Zangilan village

It is located in a valley 4 km south-east of the district center on the Oxcu river. It was the administrative center of Zangilan district in 1930-33 and has been inhabited since the 14th century. Zangilan is mentioned in a 14th century history source. It has an interesting geographical background.

Place-name

There are suggestions that the Zangikhan settlement mentioned by a 7th century source as being close to the Khodaafarin bridges was Zangilan. The place is also to derive its name from the word Zanci (meaning a chain). It is known that a Kurdish tribe in Iran was called Zangi. There is sufficient information that it was settled in Iran from Turkmenistan and inhabited large areas in Safavid times. The place-name is sometimes linked to the Zangi ethnicon. In ancient Farsi, Zang-sang meant a rocky area. It also denotes the land of the Zangi.

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