Sabirabad

When we mention Sabirabad, everyone thinks of just one berry, and that’s the famous Sabirabad watermelon.

Note

Sabirabad is located at a distance of 170 km from Baku. Situated in a plentiful point between Shirvan and Mugan and the Kura and the Aras, Sabirabad represents a region that stretches as far as you can see. The district has a moderate climate. There are Tuqay forests here. The territory is below the sea level. It is possible to hunt aquatic birds and fish at the Sarisu Lake, which is located 28 km from the centre. In the Kura, which is regarded as the main river of the district, it is possible to catch chubs, eels, shamais, poru and red fish in winter and autumn and chaki, nakha, shirbil ad white fish in spring and summer.

History and historical monuments

One of several independent feudal states that emerged in Azerbaijan as a result of the weakening of the Arab Caliphate in the 9th century was Mugansahliq. Since the Mugan plain has a moderate climate in winter, the region has been used as a winter pasture for centuries. Mugan was often used as a military winter camp. The Mugan plain has been suitable for agriculture and cattle-breeding historically. The fact that the two largest rivers of the South Caucasus pass through the area and merge here creates favourable conditions for irrigation. Traces of an ancient ditch still remain here. Ditches of vital importance have often been destroyed in Mugan. The irrigation system, which was destroyed under Genghis Khan in the 13th century, was restored under Tamerlane in 1386. Although Mugan’s archaeological monuments were registered in the late 1960s, no large-scale archaeological research has been carried out there. The Baba Samid sepulchre (14th century) in the village of Sixlar and the bath built in the district centre in 1900 are rare historical monuments that have survived to date.

Surra village

The Surra settlement belongs to the antique period. It is located on a plain on the left bank of the Kura River. There are ruins of the settlement on an area of three hectares. During planting work, bulldozers destroyed historical finds in the area. The remaining material and cultural artifacts show that this settlement dates back to the 5th-1st centuries BC. There are pots buried here. The Qaratapa necropolis and the Abdulan settlement are also important historical-cultural monuments in the district. When ancient settlements were turned into sowing areas during land reclamation work carried out in the past century, all historical traces were destroyed. The Qaraqasli, Cavad and Bulaqli necropolises and the Qalaqayin and Sahardag settlements also testify to the historical past of the district.

Place-name

The town of Sabirabad was founded on the basis of a Russian village called Petropavlovka. The Russian village was founded on the basis of the Cavad district centre in 1846. From the early 20th century, the Azerbaijani population of the village grew, and the village merged with the neighbouring village of Qalaqayin. Since most of the population is Turks, it was renamed after Mirza Alakbar Sabir in 1931.

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