Hajigabul is situated 115 km from Baku. In 1939-59, the district was called Qazimammad. In 1990, it was renamed Hajigabul. It covers part of the Kura-Aras plain. It has an arid and hot climate. The Lake Hajigabul formed as the Kura River burst its banks and the Caspian Sea receded. There are reeds growing around the lake. It is surrounded by shallow rivers and small puddles and is home to migrating birds.
It is located in the northwestern part of the district. Cyclops buildings with petroglyphs have been found on the mountain. It is believes that pictures of people and mythical animals belong to the late Stone and Bronze Ages.
Locals call the district Agcaqabul. They have interesting stories about Hajis and Shah Abbas. The place-name means “May God accept your Hajj”. The name formed due to the fact that pilgrims visiting Mecca and Medina had set up a camp to relax here.
The history of the district begins from the 9th century. In the 15th century, Shah Abbas build a caravanserai on the coast of the Lake Hajigabul in the district. Under Shirvanshah rule, a city called Mahmudabad was founded here. The Great Silk Road passed through the district. Caravans heading for the Persian Gulf also passed through the district.
It is a famous sample of the Shirvan carpet-weaving school. Grannies who can weave yellow carpets still live here and maintain this craft.
The internal tourist routes to historical places with monuments belonging to various centuries in different villages are Hajigabul-Qubali Baloglan and Hajigabul-Udulu.