The Azykh cave, considered the first human dwelling, is located here. Before the Qarabag war it had clean air, generous Sun, fertile soil, hospitable and warm-hearted people, tombs, caravansaries, castles, fortresses, etc. The valuable Argunash forests have been burned and felled since 1993…
History of occupation
The district center, 58 villages, 24 historical and architectural sites, 20 religious shrines are under occupation.
Fizuli is favorably located in the country’s south-west on the border with Iran and near the Baku-Nakhichevan railway. The bridge over the Aras river links it with Iran. The district sits on the south-eastern slope of the Qarabag range. Up until the Aras river it covers plain and lowland areas. Fizuli is 300-800 meters above sea level and its biggest rivers are Kondalanchay, Quruchay, Qozluchay, Carakan. It was established in 1930. The district’s 22 unoccupied villages are home to 50,000 people.
It went down in history as the center of the Horadiz operation dated 8 January 1994. This was where the fierce battle against Armenian aggressors unfolded leading to the liberation of 22 villages, including Horadiz proper. Located in a valley 29 km south-east of the center, Horadiz subsequently received the status of a town. There is also a same-named village several kilometers from it. In Farsi, the place-name stands as oura (fortress) and diza (place, land).
Nazim Tapdiqoglu Valisov “Fizuli district place-names”, Baku- 2001, p. 77
Its foundation was laid in 1827. Set up within Qarabulaq settlement, the district was first named Qarabulaq. Subsequently it became Malakan, then Karyagin after a czarist colonel, then, in Soviet years, Sardarabad after revolutionist Sardarov, while in 1959 it was finally named Fizuli after Azerbaijani poet Mahammad Fizuli on the occasion of his 400th birthday anniversary.
Nazim Tapdiqoglu Valisov “Fizuli district place-names”, Baku- 2001, p. 69
It is 14 km from the district center on the left bank of the Quruchay and at an altitude of 900 meters. In 1968, the lower jaw of a 19-year-old man who lived here 350-400 millennia ago was discovered in the cave. It is the world’s third oldest human dwelling and the third oldest in Azerbaijan. There are six sections in the cave and they are connected with each other by rock passages. The biggest of them is the third section. A research conducted in 1960 revealed that together with the Mediterranean Sea and East Africa, Qarabag was among earliest human dwellings. The examination of Azykh’s pebble-stone instruments led to the discovery of the Quruchay culture. According to latest studies, Quruchay culture is believed to be 1.5 million years old.
“Qarabag: questions and facts”, Baku, Qismet-2005, p. 5
Nazim Tapdiqoglu Valisov “Fizuli district place-names”, Baku- 2001, p. 10
S. Agayev, T. Huseynova “Qarabag is the motherland”, Baku, Nasir publishing house-2008, p. 31-69