Beylagan

Note

The distance between Baku and Beylagan is 265 km. The Rivers Kura and Aras pass through the territory of the district. It is situated on the Mil plain between the Kura bank and the Iranian customs checkpoint. It borders on Iran in the south. The district was established in 1939 and was called Zhdanov until 1989. In that year, the historical name of the city was restored. It is one of the most ancient settlements in Mugan. Beylagan has two famous monuments: Oranqala and the shrine of Prophet Jarjis. Speaking about this, it is possible to collect information about the past of the district.

Beylagan road

It is popularly known as “Bel yolu”. It stretches from the north to the south on the Mil plain and totally coincides with the Barda-Ardabil caravan route. This means that in order to identify Beylagan’s location in the past, it is necessary to find the “Beylagan road” between Barda and Ardabil. The name of present-day Beylagan on the Mil plain is known as Belqan or Millar in local medieval sources. Names like Balasakan and Balakun were also mentioned.

Mil plain

Among the local population, it is known as the “Harami plain”. It implies mainly the dry areas of Mil. The Harami plain is famous for its onions. The plain, which derives its name from the famous Mil minaret, which belongs to the 11th-13th centuries, has been home to people since time immemorial. According to archaeologists, this story goes 6,000 years back.

Place-name

It is believes that the name is a derivative of the city of Paytarakan on the Mil plain. When we interpret its meaning, different options crop up. We know from history that Paytarakan was the most important city of the state of Atropatena in the north – in Arran. Therefore, it makes more sense to interpret this word as “Paytakht-e Arran” – the capital of Arran. The traces of Paytarakan, the most famous city that existed in Arran before Beylagan, still stand in a place called Tazakand.

History

The history of the city begins in the 5th-6th centuries. Khordabeh, who mentioned this for the first time, recorded that Beylagan was founded by the Sassanid Kind Gubad I (488-496) who built a brick fence around the city. Among Arran cities, Beylagan received the first and strongest blow from Mongol invasions. An invading Mongol army of 30,000 soldiers led by Jebe and Sabutay encircled the city. Although representatives of the city wanted to start negotiations, the Mongols killed the envoys, collect things that were required for nomadic life and were easier to carry, massacred people, looted and set fire to all places. It is believed that after this event, most of the city’s population fled the city and never came back. After a series of raids, Beylagan went into decline. According to Nasavi, when Kharezmshah Jalaladdin travelled from Iraq to Ardabil and Beylagan in 1227, he saw these cities so devastated that it was even impossible to restore them. After the Mongol invasions, craftsmanship also came to a standstill in the city. Archaeologists call one layer, which was discovered during excavations, “a mute layer”. This means that Beylagan was gradually consigned to oblivion as a city. As the first sign of this, the city turned not just into a ghost town, but also into a cemetery after the 1220s. According to Sharafaddin Yazdi, when Tamerlane visited Beylagan in 1403, the city was so decrepit that “there was no trace of its buildings left and there was no-one but wild animals of all kinds there”. Despite that, Amir Teymur’s army had nothing else to do in that winter, and he decided to rebuild the city and did a lot of work here.


Oranqala (5th century)

It is located near the village of Kabirli. The site of this small town, which covers an area of 14 ha, still stands there. On a map drawn by a Russian geographer in the 16th century, Beylagan is called Uren, i.e. Oran. The city walls are about six metres high. The ancient irrigation canal Gavurarx and the ruins of the Mil minaret are still int

act. The first research work at the ruins of Oranqala was carried out in 1955.

Prophet Jargiz shrine (17th-18th centuries)

It is the most famous historical-religious monument in Beylagan. The shrine is visited my numerous pilgrims from various parts of Azerbaijan, as well as from Georgia and Dagestan. The only prophet’s grave in Azerbaijan is located in Beylagan. It is one of the largest shrines in the Caucasus. In order to make a wish, people put their kerchief on the chain at the entrance to the sepulchre, and if their wish will come true, then the kerchief gets caught on a hook

 

Prophet Jarjiz

He is known as the most patient prophet. He fought paganism in the 4th century. Although the then rulers had repeatedly sentenced him to death, he resurrected by the grace of God. He was born in Rome in 313 AD. He lived in Palestine and became a prophet at 16. He converted to monotheism in 392 and never gave it up despite all persecution, torture and pressure. He came to Azerbaijan in order to promote his religion and run away from infidels. He was subjected to physical violence several times here. He was once thrown into a deep well covered with a stone. The prophet was pleading with God to take his life. His sepulchre was first built by master Hasan Tabrizi in 1905-07.

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