Aghjabadi

As a result of the Armenian aggression, Aghjabadi District in the lower part of Qarabag suffered major damage, while hundreds of houses, a school and other buildings in the Qiyamaddinli village were burnt. The village is located on the frontline and its population has lived in the conditions of war since 1992.

AghjabadiNote

Located 45 km from the Agdam railway station and 374 km from Baku, Aghjabadi sits on both sides of the Qarqar river in the Mil and Qarabag plain. Established as an administrative entity in 1930, it became part of Agdam in 1963-65. The district terrain in the Kura-Aras lowland is level, slightly rising from north-east towards south-west. It has a hot desert, semi-desert and dry subtropical climate. The Kura and Qarqar rivers flow through the district, as does the Upper Qarabag canal. There are sparse Tugay forests and lakes on the Kura.

Aggol National Park

It is located in the Mil plain and covers an area of 9,100 hectares. Its lake is called Aggol (white lake). The shallow waters around it are covered with reeds. There is a lot of waterfowl here. A fishery has been established in the park as well. This is the district’s most interesting site established on the territories of Aghjabadi and Beylagan districts in 1964 to protect local waterfowl and other animals. A short while ago it was given the status of a National Park.

Nazim Tapdiqoglu “Aghjabadi encyclopedia”, Baku-2007, p. 50

Uzeyir Hajibayov (1885-1948)

He is Aghjabadi’s biggest asset. Hajibayov was a scientist, publicist, playwright, teacher, public figure and, most importantly, the founder of Azerbaijan’s modern music and national opera. Despite becoming famous as a musician, he started out as a publicist and was an outspoken figure in the early 20th century. His opera “Leyli and Majnun”, staged at H. Z. Tagiyev’s theater in 1908, was the first opera in the Muslim East and the Turkic world. He also designed the genre of musical comedy by his well-known “O olmasin, bu olsun” and “Arshin mal alan” comedies. Hajibayov also organized Azerbaijan’s first choir and music school. His opera “Shah Ismayil”, staged in 1937, is considered the crown of his creative activities. He has composed the national anthems of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and the Azerbaijan SSR, romances “Sansiz” and “Sevgili canan”, and the well-known “Cirpinirdi Qara daniz” song.

History

During the czarist rule, Aghjabadi was part of Qarabag province (1822-1840), then of Shusha district of Caspian province (1840-1846), of Shamakhy province (1846-1859), of Baku province (1859-1867) and of Yelizavetpol province (1867-1918). In the khanate period, a part of it was subordinated to Kabirli I and II, another to Cavansir and yet another to Damircihasanli regions. During the Baylarbay period, Aghjabadi was part of Xachin district’s Qaragac (16-17th centuries) and Barda district’s Bayad (18th century) regions.

Aghjabadi is first mentioned in written sources in 1593. The western part of the depression in the town’s center was called Xalfaraddin. According to 1823 sources, it was a community comprised of 88 families. The settlement was subsequently joined to Aghjabadi and was even called Aghjabadi-Xalfaraddin for some time.

Nazim Tapdiqoglu “Aghjabadi encyclopedia”, Baku-2007, p. 39-43
Mazahir Qacayev “Azerbaijan’s cities and districts”, Baku, Unsiyyat-2002, p. 17

Place-name

The name means a large area (aghja – large, badi – area). Aghja also means grayish. Some researchers suggest that the word Agh also implies life energy, while Aghjabadi is often described as being “enlightened by the god of light”. The district is indeed somewhat grey. Some link this to the whitening of salty water. In Turkish, the place-name translates as land, while in Arabic as a valley.

Nazim Tapdiqoglu “Aghjabadi encyclopedia”, Baku-2007, p. 43-48

Historical sites

There are dwelling remains from Eneolithic, bronze, antique and middle ages (Kamiltapa, Nargiztapa, Qarakobar,Yantapa, Qalatapa) and different tombstones (Uctapa, Shahtapa) in Aghjabadi. The ancient Gavur ditch is worthy of note. Historians compare the dwellings to Egyptian pyramids. In fact, the Gavur ditch is believed to have been refurbished by Alexander the Great. Some restoration work was carried out here by Timur in the 16th century.

Literature

T. Resulov “History of Aghjabadi’s Qaradolaq”, Baku, Nurlan-2004
Mazahir Qacayev “Azerbaijan’s cities and districts”, Baku-2002
Nazim Tapdiqoglu “Aghjabadi encyclopedia”, Baku-2007

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